541. Ontologies and dynamic systems
ontology is the philosophy of what exists in the world, is about the ‘furniture of the world’. What are the properties of things that exist? ‘Things’ here can be anything: an object, an organism, a community, a technical system, world trade. Ideally, there would be only one ontology that covers everything. However, like any theory, ontology is not some magical grasp of all truth that represents reality beyond our perception. It is a device for ordering our perceptions (MacCumber, 2007), and there may be different ontologies for different kinds of things.
Edelman, Gerald M. 1987, Neural Darwinism: The theory of neuronal group selection, New York: Basic Books.
Holland, J.H. 1992, ‘Complex Adaptive Systems’, Daedalus, 121/1, 17-30.
MacCumber, J. 2007, Reshaping Reason, Toward a new philosophy, Bloomington IN: Indiana University Press.