499 Where trust goes too far
- Blind trust. in disregarding the possibility or evidence of a lack of trustworthiness.
- Trust out of desperation: there is no alternative. This connects to Albert Hirschman’s recognition of ‘loyalty’next to ‘voice’and ‘exit’. If there is no basis for deliberation, in voice, and no option of exit, in beig pinned down or coerced, there is only one option of staying put and making the best of it. In Russia under.Stalin, people talked lovingly of ‘little father’ Stalin, in spite of his blatant terror. Psychologically, it was unbearable to face reality.
- The disadvantage of bonding in family or clan, as in Japan, for example, is that relationships are locked into such clans, excluding variety from outside, which can be bad for innovation.
- One can have multiple, conflicting obligations, to job, family, personnel, customers, suppliers, environment, community or nation, that can necessitate disloyalty to at least one of them, in a crisis.
- Due to harsh outside conditions that threaten survival, people. who intend to be trustworthy. can no longer afford it.
- According to the philosopher Nietzsche, benevolence and pity as the result of the power play of the weak to protect them against the strong or exert vengeance on them.This can yield forced or hypocritical trust
- According to Bernard Mandeville, private vices are public virtues. I would say that the duty of benevolence can eliminate the virtuous power of ‘Thymos’, the urge to excell and perform of the entrepreneur, discoverer, sportsman, scientist etc.